A BRIEF REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY ACT (NFSA) 2013 IN TAMENGLONG DISTRICT, MANIPUR.


The Union Government of India notified the NFSA-2013 on the 10th September 2013 to further strengthen the efforts to address the food security of the people of the country.

 

The Act provides for coverage up to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population. The percentage coverage for NFSA beneficiaries for each district is determined by the State Government out of the allocation made by the Central Government for each State/UT and the total number of persons to be covered in the district is calculated on the basis of population estimates as per census 2011.

 

It envisages to provide food grains at subsidized rate to the eligible households of the state covering about two third of the country’s population. The eligible households are classified as –

  1. Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) Household and
  2. Priority Household.

(GONJENG PAMEI)
DISTRICT SUPPLY OFFICER (CAF & PD),
TAMENGLONG

 

ANTYODAYA  ANNA  YOJANA (AAY)

AAY was launched on 25/12/2000 to make TPDS more focused and targeted towards the poorest of the poor category of the population.

It provides the identified persons under BPL population (Family) food grains at a highly subsidized rate of Rs. 3 per kg for rice and Rs. 2 per kg for wheat. The scale of issue was initially 25 kg per family per month and had been now increased to 35 kg per family per month w.e.f. April 2002.

Now, the subsidized price of food grains under section 3 of this Act, the eligible households are entitled as Rs. 3 per kg for rice, Rs. 2 per kg for wheat and Rs. 1 per kg for coarse grains for a period of three years from the date of commencement of this Act and there after, at such price, as may be fixed by the Central Government from time to time, not exceeding – (i)  the minimum support price for wheat and coarse grains and (ii) the derived minimum support price for rice as the case may be. In short the AAY scheme continues under NFSA – 2013 as it has been.

 

PRIORITY HOUSEHOLDS 

The total number of eligible households and population to be covered for a State or District minus its AAY households and population respectively is the number of Priority Household and Priority  Household members of the State or district. Here each member of Priority Household shall be entitled to receive 5 kg of food grains per person per month at the same rate entitled for an AAY beneficiary.

Thus, the households and population eligible for food grain beneficiary entitlement under NFSA – 2013 shall cover about two-thirds of the population of the Country, State, district and village proportionately.

 

IDENTIFICATION OF ELIGIBLE HOUSEHOLD

The following guidelines for identification of eligible household is notified by our State Government under Section 10 of NFSA – 2013.

  1. INCLUSION CRITERIA:
    The households having annual income of less than Rs. 1 lakh and fulfilling the following criteria will be considered as eligible households for inclusion in the AAY and Priority category as the case may be:

    i) Households with disabled person (as defined in Persons with Disabilities Act 1995) subject to submission of prescribed medical certificate.
    ii) Single women (including widows, unmarried and separated and deserted women), living in household as dependent or as head of household.
    iii) Children living without protection.
    iv) Persons living with HIV.
    v) Occupationally vulnerable groups like unskilled construction workers, casual daily wages labour, casual domestic workers, cycle rickshow drivers, unskilled workers in small households enterprises unskilled workers in household industries.
    vi) Any other households having annual income of less than Rs. 1 lakh per annum.


  2. EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
    Notwithstanding their fulfilling the inclusion criteria, the following households will not be eligible:

    i)   If any member of a household owns a light (Four Wheeler) or heavy vehicle.
    ii)   If the household is receiving ration/food subsidy under any other scheme.
    iii)   If any member of the household is income tax payee.
  3. MODE OF APLICATION:
    The eldest female will be treated as Head of household. Applicants will be assisted in filling up the forms in the office of DC/ADC. The application should be submitted in the prescribed format (copy enclosed) by the head of household enclosing the following documents:

    i) Residence proof of the applicants.
    ii) Income Certificate issued by the Revenue Department, wherever applicable.
    iii) Ration card (if the applicant or any member of the household has ration card of any type).

 

TAMENGLONG DISTRICT & NFSA - 2013

Although, the time frame for identification of eligible household for AAY & Priority was given limitedly, the district could complete the process within a short period of 3 (three) months with the hard working initiative of all the Sub-Divisional Officers of the district by way of obtaining full co-operation from the village Authorities of all the villages under a strict supervision of the District Administration and District Level Supervisory and Monitory Committee for NFSA – 2013 under the chairmanship of Honorable Deputy Chief Minister, Shri. G. GAIKHANGAM.

The details of households, identified as AAY & Priority with population in respect of Tamenglong District – Sub-Division wise is shown below:

TAMENGLONG DISTRICT

FINALIZED NUMBER OF AAY AND PRIORITY HOUSEHOLD AND POPULATION UNDER NFSA IN SUB-DIVISION WISE

Sl. No. NAME OF
SUB-DIVISION
NO. OF FPSs TO BE COVERED NO. OF HOUSEHOLD TOTAL NO. OF POPULATION TOTAL
AAY PRIORITY AAY PRIORITY
1. TOUSEM 19 585 4418 5003 2984 22532 25516
2. KHOUPUM 11 457 2719 3176 2331 13867 16198
3. TAMEI 16 504 3885 4389 2570 19814 22384
4. TAMENGLONG 37 871 7312 8183 4442 37291 41733
5. NUNGBA 14 302 2947 3249 1540 15030 16570
TOTAL 97 2719 21281 24000 13867  108534 122401

And all the particulars of eligible/identified households and their family members are again entered in website as per Central Government direction for which a lot of time/labour taken place.

Conclusion: -

The Central Government, on 26th June 2014 decided to give an additional time of 3 (three) months to the State Government including Manipur to implement NFSA that gives two-thirds of the country’s population the right to subsidized food grains.

The first five states/UT in the country that are implementing NFSA - 2013 are Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana & Punjab.

Then, other states viz. Karnataka, Chhattisgard, Uttrakhand and Chandigard joined later.

In Manipur, the state Government is doing its level best to implement it within 3 (three) months-extended by the Central Government.

 

STAFF STRRENGTH IN RESPECT OF DSO/CAF & PD/TML. DISTRICT

1. Shri. Gonjeng Pamei, AD/CAF & PD/TML.
2. Shri. MD. Najmuddin, CSI/TML.
3. Shri. R. Somrei, CSI/TML.
4. Shri. R. Ngaraipam, CSI/TML.
5. Smt. Achingliu Pamei, Senior Accountant.
6. Smt. P. Achung,

UDC/NBA.

7. Shri. G. Poukingai, Delivery Assistant.
8. Shri. Kh. Hujeswar Singh, Delivery Assistant.
9. R. Namripou, Peon.
10. Gaijanglung Pamei, Computer Operator.