DISTRICT RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY(DRDA): TAMENGLONG
The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), Tamenglong is the only Agency of Central Government of India for Implementation of Central sponsored Development Schemes. The Deputy Commissioner has been designated as the Chairman of this Agency with an Assistant Project Officer as the principal executive Officer along with Ministerial staff then.
The District Rural Development Agency, Tamenglong had been set up in the year 1981 with Shri A.E. Ahmed, I.A.S, who had assumed on 17th May 1981 as Deputy Commissioner cum Chairman of DRDA,Tamenglong as other Parts of the country with the appointment of Shri P. Ramgong L.D.C (present Account Officer) Smt Sangbonliu, LDC later who had resigned from the post and late Shri P.Arou Grade IV who deceased during his service.
Now, The chairman of the Autonomous District Council is an Ex-Officio Chairman of DRDA, in Hill areas and the Deputy Commissioner shall be the Executive Director of DRDA as prescribed under the Central guidelines vide Order No. 1/14/2010-CHA(HQ) dated 5th Oct 2010 and was redesignated as Executive Director (DRDA), in the case of Tamenglong with effect from September, 2012 and Asst. Deputy Commissioner/ADM is designated as Project Director of DRDA with 3 (Three) Project Officers , 3 (Three) Asst. Project Officers, 1(one) Project Economist who monitor & Evaluate the works undertaken by DRDA, 1(one) Executive Engineer, 2(two) Asst. Engineer, 6 (six) TA/SO and 1(one) Superintendent along with 24 ministerial staff.The present status of DRDA staff of Tamenglong with others District had been absorbed and regularised of various categories of born staff of DRDA into the Department of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (RD & PR), Government of Manipur Vide Order No.2/92/2007 RD(MC)Pt dated 24.December,2016 with staffing Policy of DRDA Administration Guidelines, Para 4.2 to draw up a 3-5 year plan for absorption of the DRDA staff into the line Department vide D.O. No R. 20015/64/01/-IRD-I Dated 7th February, 2002, Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Govt. of India. The following Wings and Developmental programmes had been taken up since its inception and modification from time to time. The Deputy Commissioner is the Executive Director and the Additional Deputy Commissioner is the Project Director of DRDA Staff.
The following is the Sectoral Administration:
- SELF EMPLOYMENT WING (NRLM):To implement this project in proper way the following officers in-charge of it:- 1 (One) Project Officer, 1(One) Assistant Project Officer, 1(One) Technical Assistant/S.O. and 1(One) Office Assistant.
- WAGE EMPLOYMENT WING (MGNREGS): One Project Officer, One Assistant Project Officer, One Technical Assistant/S.O and One Office Assistant.
- WATERSHED WING( IWMP): One Project Officer, One Asstt. Project Officer, One Accountant, One Account Assistant, 20 to 35 Watershed Development Team members, Two Technical Experts and One Data Entry Operator (DEO).
- ENGINEERING WING: One Executive Engineer, Two Assistant Engineer and Six Technical Assistants/S.O.
- FINANCE WING (ACCOUNT SECTION): Two Account Officers and three Accountants.
- MONITORING WING: One Project Economist, One Statistical Investigator and One Office Assistant.
- GENERAL ADMINISTRATION: One Superintendent/Office Manager, Two Assistants, One Stenographer, Three Grade-IV and Three Drivers.
A) Self Employment Programmes (NRLM):-
Various Schemes like Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Training of Rural Youth Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of women and children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), supply of improved Toolkits to Rural Artisans (SITRA) Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY), million Well Schemes (MWS) etc. are to provide training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing otherwise are no longer in operation. These erstwhile programme had been dovetailed into Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar yojana (SGSY) with effect from 1/04/1999 with new guidelines and continued till 2010.
However, the Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India reviewed the progress and failure and has decided to restructure SGSY Schemes into National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) with the objective to promote Self-Employment Oriented income generating activities for the BPL households in the Rural areas to provide greater focus and momentum for poverty reduction rather than alleviation to achieve the millennium Development Goal (MDG) by 2015 through rapid increase in coverage of Rural poor households under Self- Employment in a mission mode.
B) Wage Employment Programme (MGNREGS):-
Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India reviewed the hitherto erstwhile schemes of the Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) during 1990s as the additional wage employment scheme for rural areas, the Jawarhar Gram Samridhi Yojana(JGSY) a rural infrastructure development Scheme had been merging them into one scheme and launched the new scheme of the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana(SGRY) with effect from September, 2001 to provide additional and supplementary wage employment and National Food for work Programme and thereby provide food security and improve nutritional levels in all rural areas and the secondary objective was the creation of durable community, social and economic assets and infrastructural development in rural areas.
Moreover, the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India amended an Act as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 Guarantees for 100 days of employment in financial year to any rural household whose adult members are willing to do unskilled manual work. The Act had come into force initially in 200 Districts including Tamenglong District, and had been extended gradually to other areas notified by the central Government to provide wage employment. This act is becoming “People Act”. The previous schemes known as SGRY and National Food for Work Program (NFFWP) had been emerged into MGNREGS Act, 2005.
C) Infrastructure Development Program:-
This program included rural connectivity, school building, community hall, office building for village Authority and other related works.
- RSVY/ BRGF: The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India had launched a new program known as Rastriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY) in 2005- 2006 for the 147 selected most backward District including Tamenglong District. The RSVY project has attempted tp bridge critical gaps in local infrastructure and other development requirements that are not being adequately met through existing inflows and to facilitate participatory planning, decision making, implementation and Monitoring, to reflect local felt needs. In this regards, mention may be made that the infrastructure development program under RSVY had been taken up during Shri. Thaithuilung Pamei, IAS the then DC/Chairman (DRDA), Tamenglong for the construction of Operation Theatre (OT) for District Hospital, Tamenglong and now being utilised, 3(three) Higher Secondary school buildings, 10 (ten) High School buildings, Agriculture Road connecting from Sangrung (Khongsang) village to Dikiuram 96 KM distance and Haochong to Langka covering with 46 KM distance of rural connectivity and other Horticulture development program had also been taken up successfully. Like the previous schemes, the transition has been evolved from Rastriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY) to the Backward Regional Grant Fund (BRGF) including start-up Modalities for the year 2006- 2007 for the same objectives and target for 147 most backward Districts had been taken up in the District.
- MSDP: The Multi-Sectoral Development Program (MSDP) has been initiated by the Ministry of Minority Affairs with specific objectives for 90 Minority Concentration District (MCDS). The MSDP aims at improving the Socio-Economic parameters of basic amenities for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances in the MCDS during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. The 90 Minority Concentration District (MCDS) have been identified throughout the country which are relatively backward and falling behind the national average in terms of Socio-economic and basic amenities indicators for better infrastructure of school and secondary education, sanitation, Pucca housing, drinking water and electricity supply, besides beneficiary oriented schemes for creating income generating activities. This program has been executed in 2009-2010 for rural housing and 2010-2011 for the construction of primary/Junior High School building and water supply program.
D) Integrated Watershed Management Programme(Community Development Project): –
During the year 2004-2005, Development Program (IWDP)/Hariyali has been implemented as Community Development Program till 2008- 2009, and then Change of the nomenclature has been taken place into Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP). This program is in operation since 2010-2011 till today having the State Level Nodal Agency (SLNA) under State Planning Department and District Watershed Development Unit (DWDU) with an attempt based on Natural Resource Management and Livelihood development, for employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and development of human and other economic resources of the rural areas. Under this programme the responsibility team to play a role to implement successfully are as follows:
- Watershed Development Team to guide the Watershed Committee at the village level.
- Watershed Committee to guide the Self Help Group and User group.
- Self Help Group, specially to empower women for self earning and Micro-Investment orientation.
- User Goups: It is the beneficiary who work and earn daily wages in group at the village level.
E) Rural Housing program:
The Government of India is targeting to provide construction of dwelling house with proper sanitation to every citizen of India who are below poverty line by 2020 A.D. under Pradhan Mantri Awass Yojna (Gramin).
KEY FEATURES OF PMAY-G
Aim and Objective:
PMAY-G aims to provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated house in rural areas by 2022. To achieve the objective of “Housing for All” the target number of houses to be constructed by the year 2021-22, is 2.95 Crore. The immediate objective is to cover 1.00 Crore households in rural areas, that are houseless or living in kutcha / dilapidated house, in three years from 2016-17 to 2018-19 and enable construction of quality houses by the beneficiaries using local materials, designs and trained masons. For houses to become homes, adoption of a habitat approach through convergence is proposed.
Key Features of PMAY-G
- Providing assistance for construction of 1.00 crore houses in rural areas over the period of 3 years from 2016-17 to 2018-19.
- The minimum unit (house) size enhanced from 20 sq.m. (under IAY) to 25 sq.m. including a dedicated area for hygienic cooking.
- Enhancement of unit assistance from Rs.70,000 to Rs.1.20 lakh in plains and from Rs.75,000 to Rs.1.30 lakh in hilly states, difficult areas and IAP districts.
- The cost of unit (house) assistance is to be shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North-Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand).
- Provision of assistance (Rs.12,000/-) for toilets through convergence with Swacch Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G), MGNREGS or any other dedicated source of funding.
- Provision of 90/95 persondays of un-skilled labour wage under MGNREGA for construction of house, over and above the unit assistance.
- Identification and selection of beneficiaries, based on the housing deficiency and other social deprivation parameters in SECC-2011 data, and verified by the Gram Sabhas.
- Setting up of National Technical Support Agency (NTSA) at national level to provide technical support in achieving the target set under the programme. The beneficiaries of PMAY-G, in addition to being provided financial assistance, shall also be offered technical assistance in the construction of the house.
- If the beneficiary so chooses, he/she will be facilitated to avail loan of upto Rs.70,000/- from Financial Institutions.
- Special Projects to be sanctioned by the Ministry of Rural Development after the approval of the Empowered Committee.
- Convergence with other Government schemes for provision of basic amenities viz., toilet, drinking water, electricity, clean & efficient cooking fuel, treatment of social and liquid waste etc.
- All payments to the beneficiary to be made electronically to their Bank/Post office accounts that are linked to Adhaar with consent.
- Sensitization of the beneficiaries on PMAY-G.
- Focus on construction of quality houses by the beneficiaries using local materials, appropriate designs and trained masons.
- Adoption of saturation approach using Gram Panchayat, Block or District as unit, wherever possible.